Optimizing Machining Parameters during Turning Process

sulaiman abdulkareem


This work presents an experimental investigation of the influence of the three most important machining parameters of depth of cut, feed rate and spindle speed on surface roughness during turning of mild steel. In this study, the design of experiment which is a powerful tool for experimental design is used to optimize the machining parameters for effective machining of the workpiece. Box Behnken experimental design method as well as analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used to analyze the influence of machining parameters on surface roughness height Ra. The individual parameters effect as well as effect of interactions between the machining parameters on the surface roughness height Ra is analyzed using various graphical representations. Using multiple linear regressions, mathematical models correlating the influence of machining parameters on the surface roughness Ra during the machining process were developed. Confirmation results were used to confirm that mathematical models are good enough to effectively represent machining criteria of surface roughness Ra during the study.


Box Behnken; machining parameters; mathematical model; optimization; surface roughness.

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Copyright International Journal of Integrated Engineering (IJIE) 2013.