Integrated Approach for Cobb Angle Estimation in X-Ray C-Curve Scoliosis Using Image Processing and Inverse Cosine Law

Authors

  • Nur Salimah Mohd Nasir Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, 86400, MALAYSIA
  • Nur Anida Jumadi Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, 86400, MALAYSIA
  • Ng Li Mun Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, 86400, MALAYSIA

Keywords:

Scoliosis, Cobb angle, Haar Cascade, X-ray image, Onis software, Matlab

Abstract

Cobb angle is the angle subtended by the most tilted vertebrae. It represents the degree of the spinal curvature and has been used to diagnose scoliosis. The severity of the scoliosis based on the cobb angle will determine the guide treatment and surgical planning. Manual measurement of Cobb angle using protractor or semi-manual using ONIS software is quite time consuming, and it is subjected to variations in interobserver and intraobserver measurements. This research proposed an algorithm to determine the Cobb angle using image processing and inverse cosine methods. The raw samples of X-ray images were obtained from Pusat Kesihatan Universiti (PKU), UTHM.  Several interviews were conducted with radiologist at Pantai Hospital for verification purpose. Gaussian blur and unsharp mask were initially applied for noise removal in the preprocessing step. Three points were marked at the vertebrae image to assist for centroid estimation using Haar Cascade. The Cobb angle was estimated by applying the triangle formula derived from the inverse cosine law. In comparison to semi-manual method (Onis Software), the proposed technique has an error of less than 5 % and computes the Cobb angle 3.28 times quicker. In the future, it is suggested to explore other techniques such as deep learning for alternative data analysis for Cobb angle estimation.

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Published

29-10-2023

How to Cite

Mohd Nasir , N. S. ., Jumadi, N. A., & Mun, N. L. . (2023). Integrated Approach for Cobb Angle Estimation in X-Ray C-Curve Scoliosis Using Image Processing and Inverse Cosine Law. Journal of Electronic Voltage and Application, 4(1), 1–9. Retrieved from https://penerbit.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/jeva/article/view/14777

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Articles