An Overview of Out-Of-Step Protection in Power Systems


  • Goh Hui Hwang UTHM


Power system is subjected to an extensive variety of little or bigger disturbance to the system during the operation. The power system that designed as one of the main requirement is to survive from the larger type of disturbances like faults. The power swing in certain system is the variation in three phase power flow in the power system. This paper mainly discussed the power swing and distance relay and the effect of the power swing on the distance relay and demonstrate about the basic power system stability and power swing phenomena. Moreover, out of step protection and detection applications are revised as well. At the end, the paper also demonstrated the past study of out of step application of TNB 275 KV network.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Hui Hwang, G. (2017). An Overview of Out-Of-Step Protection in Power Systems. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 9(4). Retrieved from