Agonistic Behavior of Captive Saltwater Crocodile, Crocodylus Porosus in Kota Tinggi, Johor


  • Najmuddin Mohd Faudzir
  • Nurhizatul Safikah Mohd Hauri
  • Hidayah Haris
  • Nursyuhada Othman
  • Siti Hasmaliza Hassem
  • Muhammad Abdul Latiff Abu Bakar


saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus, Agonistic Behaviour, Aggression


Agonistic behavior in Crocodylus porosus is well known in the wild, but the available data regarding this behavior among the captive individuals especially in a farm setting is rather limited. Studying the aggressive behavior of C. porosus in captivity is important because the data obtained may contribute for conservation and the safety for handlers and visitors. Thus, this study focuses on C. porosus in captivity to describe systematically the agonistic behaviour of C. porosus in relation to feeding time, daytime or night and density per pool. This study was carried out for 35 days in two different ponds. The data was analysed using Pearson’s chi-square analysis to see the relationship between categorical factors. The study shows that C. porosus was more aggressive during daylight, feeding time and non-feeding time in breeding enclosure (Pond C, stock density =0.0369 crocodiles/m2) as compared to non-breeding pond (Pond B, stock density =0.3317 crocodiles/m2) where it is only aggressive during the nighttime. Pond C shows the higher domination in the value of aggression in feeding and non-feeding time where it is related to its function as breeding ground. Chi-square analysis shows that there is no significant difference between ponds (p=0.47, χ2= 2.541, df= 3), thus, there is no relationship between categorical factors. The aggressive behaviour of C. porosus is important for the farm management to evaluate the risk in future for the translocation process and conservation of C. porosus generally. 




How to Cite

Mohd Faudzir, N., Mohd Hauri, N. S., Haris, H., Othman, N., Hassem, S. H., & Abu Bakar, M. A. L. (2021). Agonistic Behavior of Captive Saltwater Crocodile, Crocodylus Porosus in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Journal of Sustainable Natural Resources, 2(1), 31–37. Retrieved from




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